Think of the tree you just purchased as a lifetime investment.
How well your tree, and investment, grows depends on the type of
tree and location you select for planting, the care you provide
when the tree is planted, and follow-up care the tree receives
Planting the Tree
The ideal time to plant trees and shrubs is during the dormant
season—in autumn after leaf drop or early spring before
budding commences. Weather conditions are cool and allow plants to
establish roots in the new location before spring rains and
summer heat stimulate new top growth. fake rolex sale
However, trees properly
cared for in the nursery or garden centre, and given the
appropriate care during transport to prevent damage, can be
planted throughout the growing season. In either situation,
proper handling during planting is essential to ensure a healthy
future for new trees and shrubs. Before you begin planting your
tree, be sure you have had all underground utilities located
prior to digging.
Whether the tree you are planting is balled and burlapped or is
bare root, it is important to understand that its root system
has been reduced by 90 to 95 percent of its original size during
transplanting. fake rolex sale
As a result of the trauma caused by the digging
process, trees commonly exhibit what is known as transplant
shock. Transplant shock is indicated by slow growth and reduced
vigour following transplanting. Proper site preparation before
and during planting coupled with good follow-up care reduces the
amount of time the plant experiences transplant shock and allows
the tree to quickly establish in its new location. Carefully
follow eight simple steps, and you can significantly reduce the
stress placed on the plant at the time of planting.
Dig a shallow, broad planting hole. Make the hole wide, as much
as three times the diameter of the root ball but only as deep as
the root ball. rolex replica sale It is important to make the hole wide because the
roots on the newly establishing tree must push through
surrounding soil in order to establish. On most planting sites
in new developments, the existing soils have been compacted and
are unsuitable for healthy root growth. Breaking up the soil in
a large area around the tree provides the newly emerging roots
room to expand into loose soil to hasten establishment.
Identify the trunk flare. The trunk flare is where the roots
spread at the base of the tree. This point should be partially
visible after the tree has been planted (see diagram). If the
trunk flare is not partially visible, you may have to remove
some soil from the top of the root ball. Find it so you can
determine how deep the hole needs to be for proper planting.
Place the tree at the proper height. Before placing the tree in
the hole, check to see that the hole has been dug to the proper
depth—and no more. The majority of the roots on the newly
planted tree will develop in the top 12 inches of soil. If the
tree is planted too deeply, new roots will have difficulty
developing because of a lack of oxygen. It is better to plant
the tree a little high, 2 to 3 inches above the base of the
trunk flare, than to plant it at or below the original growing
level. This planting level will allow for some settling (see
diagram). To avoid damage when setting the tree in the hole,
always lift the tree by the root ball and never by the trunk.
Straighten the tree in the hole. Before you begin backfilling,
have someone view the tree from several directions to confirm
that the tree is straight. Once you begin backfilling, it is
difficult to reposition the tree.
Fill the hole gently but firmly. Fill the hole about one-third
full and gently but firmly pack the soil around the base of the
root ball. Then, if the tree is balled and burlapped, cut and
remove the string and wire from around the trunk and top third
of the root ball (see diagram). Be careful not to damage the
trunk or roots in the process.
Fill the remainder of the hole, taking care to firmly pack soil
to eliminate air pockets that may cause roots to dry out. To
avoid this problem, add the soil a few inches at a time and
settle with water. Continue this process until the hole is
filled and the tree is firmly planted. It is not recommended to
apply fertilizer at the time of planting.
Stake the tree, if necessary. If the tree is grown and dug
properly at the nursery, staking for support will not be
necessary in most home landscape situations. Studies have shown
that trees establish more quickly and develop stronger trunk and
root systems if they are not staked at the time of planting.
However, protective staking may be required on sites where lawn
mower damage, vandalism, or windy conditions are concerns. If
staking is necessary for support, there are three methods to
choose among: staking, guying, and ball stabilizing. One of the
most common methods is staking. With this method, two stakes
used in conjunction with a wide, flexible tie material will hold
the tree upright, provide flexibility, and minimize injury to
the trunk (see diagram). Remove support staking and ties after
the first year of growth.
Mulch the base of the tree. Mulch is simply organic matter
applied to the area at the base of the tree. It acts as a
blanket to hold moisture, it moderates soil temperature extremes
(both hot and cold), and it reduces competition from grass and
weeds. Some good choices are leaf litter, pine straw, shredded
bark, peat moss, or wood chips. A 2- to 4-inch layer is ideal.
More than 4 inches may cause a problem with oxygen and moisture
levels. When placing mulch, be sure that the actual trunk of the
tree is not covered. Doing so may cause decay of the living bark
at the base of the tree. A mulch-free area, 1 to 2 inches wide
at the base of the tree, is sufficient to avoid moist bark
conditions and prevent decay.
Provide follow-up care. Keep the soil moist but not soaked;
over-watering causes leaves to turn yellow or fall off. Water
trees at least once a week, barring rain, and more frequently
during hot weather. When the soil is dry below the surface of
the mulch, it is time to water. Continue until mid-fall,
tapering off for lower temperatures that require less-frequent
Other follow-up care may include minor pruning of branches
damaged during the planting process. Prune sparingly immediately
after planting and wait to begin necessary corrective pruning
until after a full season of growth in the new location.
After you’ve completed these eight simple steps, further routine
care and favourable weather conditions will ensure that your new
tree or shrub will grow and thrive. A valuable asset to any
landscape, trees provide a long-lasting source of beauty and
enjoyment for people of all ages. When questions arise about the
care of your tree, be sure to consult us for professional for